In recent years, there has been a spate of interest in the non-governmental organization (NGO) policy experiments in China’s Guangdong province because of its potential to influence federal policy. However, Hsu (2014) identified that most scholars have fixated on the simple binary of “strong state versus weak society” (p.98) and neglected testing the implications of the policy experiment on a specific industry. Therefore this paper examines how the Guangdong policy experiments have affected the efficiency of the education sector.

Liberalizing China: An evaluation of NGO efficiency in Guangdong’s policy experiment